Do you speak Ruslish?
Ruslish — русский английский — язык, на котором говорят очень многие жители нашей страны. Составляя грамматически верные конструкции, мы часто не задумываемся о том, что носители языка НИКОГДА так не скажут.
В чем же отличительная особенность Ruslish? К сожалению, он часто звучит очень грубо. Дело в том, что мы переводим на английский язык русские вежливые фразы дословно, в результате получаются НЕанглийские предложения, которые режут слух, а некоторые люди могут и обидеться.
Преподаватель МГУ Людмила Городецкая в одной из презентаций приводила такие примеры русского английского:
- You must see this ballet (recommendation).
- I hate abstract paintings (opinion).
- The food is disgusting in their country (opinion).
- Please, photocopy this text (request).
- Do you want any coffee? (offer).
- Show me your ticket (order).
- Open your suitcase (order).
Text in Ruslish
Этот текст иллюстрирует типичные ошибки, которые допускают русскоговорящие студенты при письме и разговоре на английском языке. Все ошибки и недочёты прокомментированы соответствующими значками, расшифрованными ниже. Затем приведён текст-перевод с русского английского на естественный английский.
BA: Better Alternative
CGE: Common Grammatical Error
RE: Russian English
WU: Wrong Usage
I would like to tell you some words (RE) about myself and our family (RE). We are not large (RE). We are four (RE): my mother, my father, my brother and I. My mother is a doctor at hospital number six. She is also an excellent housekeeper (WU) and can cook very many tasty things (RE). My father used to be an engineer but now he has taken a decision (WU) to make a career (RE) in business. He is a very clever (WU) man and a real master (RE) around the house. He is very keen on sport and goes in for hunting as well. We are all very friendly (RE).
Our granny lives in our house (RE) but on different floor. When she was a young girl, she lived in a village (RE) not far from our town (RE). She always gives me good advices (RE) and I love her very much. Her father was a rich (WU) peasant but, let it be (RE) from (RE) the 1930 years (WU), the situation in our country (RE) became very bad. He was repressed and sent to Siberia where, alas (WU) he perished (RE) like so many others. During the Great Patriotic War (RE) granny (RE) worked at a plant and afterwards she had studied (CGE) to be engineer like dad. While she was a student, she began to meet with (RE) grandfather (RE) and they decided to create a family (RE).’Let us go on to me (RE). As for me (RE), I don’t like to talk about myself or my traits of character (RE) because I try to be shy (RE) But I will tell you some facts about myself. I am twenty. All my life I have dreamed to (RE) become a teacher of English and translator at some firm. I think it is very useful to get (RE) knowledges (RE) of foreign languages nowadays. It is not just pleasant to communicate (WU) with Englishmen (WU), foe example, but language can help you find a job in many different spheres (RE). My hobbies (RE) are reading and listening to music. I have very many CD’s in English. I am all the time listening (RE) them (CGM) and trying to translate them for (WU) I think it will help me to make big successes (RE) at the university and in the future life (RE). It’s a pity but I must (WU) go because I am meeting my friend (WU). I promised (RE) to meet her at the conservatoire and if I will not be there (RE) on time we will surely have a row.
Text in English
I would like to tell you about my family and myself. My family is fairly small — my parents, my brother and I. My mother is a doctor at Hospital 6. She also works very hard taking care of our home, and is an excellent cook. My father was originally an engineer, but has since gone into business. He is an intelligent man and is very handy at home. Furthermore, my father is very interested in sports and likes hunting as well.
My grandmother also lives in our apartment building. She grew up in a small town outside of our city. When I have problems, she always gives me excellent advice and I love her very much. Her father was fairly well off, but in 1930 many things turned for the worse in Russia. My great-grandfather was sent to Siberia where he, unfortunately, passed away. During the Second World War, my grandmother worked at a factory — and after the war she studied engineering like her father. While she was a student she met and married my grandfather, and they decided to raise a family.
As for myself, I am generally very shy. I am twenty years old. All my life I have wanted to be a teacher of English and work as a translator. I believe that knowledge of foreign languages is very important today. Not only it is pleasant to be able to converse with foreigners, but knowledge of foreign languages is very applicable to work in many different fields. I enjoy reading and listening to music. I have many CD’s in English. I listen to them all the time, and am always translating them for practice; I believe this practice will help me excel at both the university and my future career.
(Последние предложения, написанные на русском английском, являются бессмысленными и не нужны совсем. Однако, думая, что вам будет интересно, мы перевели и их на английский).
Unfortunately, I must go to meet my friend. I said I would meet her at the conservatory and she will be very upset if I am late.
Метки: ELT, Ruslish, английское письмо, грамматика английского языка, ЕГЭ, ЕГЭ по английскому языку, коммуникативные умения, коммуникативный подход, коммуникации, лексика, письмо, письмо на английском, чтение